Autism, Brain Development Disorder

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Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old.[2] The autism spectrum disorders (ASD) also include related conditions with milder signs and symptoms.[3]

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by multigene interactions or by rare mutations.[4] In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects.[5] Other proposed causes, such as childhood vaccines, are controversial, and the vaccine hypotheses lack any convincing scientific evidence.[6] The prevalence of ASD is about 6 per 1,000 people, with about four times as many boys as girls. The number of people known to have autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.[7]

Autism affects many parts of the brain; how this occurs is not understood. Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. Although early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help children gain self-care, social, and communication skills, there is no known cure.[3] Few children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, but some become successful,[8] and an autistic culture has developed, with some seeking a cure and others believing that autism is a condition rather than a disorder.[9]

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Sunday, 3 May 2009

Autism Guide - You Need To Know

According to a recent study ( 2007 ), conducted by the U. S. Center for Sickness Direction, it was unhesitating that one in every 150 children will be diagnosed with some system of autism. The mission of this guide is to maintain parents with notification which will aid them in considerable if their child may be at risk.

A mere uncomplicated point of autism is a brain disorder, which can incline apparent in the premier 3 oldness of impulse. It has been noted that some symptoms of the brain disorder may be detected considering early in that birth or during the aboriginal few months of high spirits for the infant. In most cases though, the child is not diagnosed with the ailment until at initial 12 months or older.

This disorder adversely affects the child ' s communication and social skills. The majority of paediatricians will advise parents, during the number one three to six months of the child ' s activity, that they will cause to look at certain milestones in the baby ' s natural growing identical whereas:

- Smiling.
- Responding to the origin ' s tone.
- Sounds of pleasure ( gay, cooing etc. ).
- Might to seat attention on a racket or sound.
- Intelligence to know faces

These skills and copious others will wherefore outlast to increase during the head few second childhood of augmentation of the infant. A child who does not expo the knack to prosper these skills or is slower than other children, during this coincidence of progress, may be shine signs of autism.

For umpteen parents though, it is laborious to identify what may great be a symptom and what is not. Below are trustworthy a few of the symptoms of the brain disorder known due to autism.

1. Communication skills:

- Dearth of endowment to bull's eye sight on objects other tribe are focusing on.
- Lack of language skills or not speaking at all.
- No motor skills for pointing out objects to others.
( This motor skill should develop in the first 12 to 14 months )
- Will use gestures only to communicate.

2. Interaction with others:

- Resist bodily contact such as hugging, holding hands, kissing.
- Avoids other children and adults.
- Has no empathy for others.

3. Behavior Problems:

- Sever and frequent temper tantrums
- Shows tendency to harm others or self.
- May be hyperactive or extremely passive.
- Able to concentrate for very short periods of time.

4. Stimulation of the five senses:

- Lack of response to loud noises.
- May avoid touching or body contact.
- Constantly touching, rubbing or licking physical surfaces.
- Little or no sense of danger.
- Oversensitive to or lack of sense of pain
- May demonstrate pronounced or lack of response to the five senses.


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