Autism, Brain Development Disorder

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Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old.[2] The autism spectrum disorders (ASD) also include related conditions with milder signs and symptoms.[3]

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by multigene interactions or by rare mutations.[4] In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects.[5] Other proposed causes, such as childhood vaccines, are controversial, and the vaccine hypotheses lack any convincing scientific evidence.[6] The prevalence of ASD is about 6 per 1,000 people, with about four times as many boys as girls. The number of people known to have autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.[7]

Autism affects many parts of the brain; how this occurs is not understood. Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. Although early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help children gain self-care, social, and communication skills, there is no known cure.[3] Few children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, but some become successful,[8] and an autistic culture has developed, with some seeking a cure and others believing that autism is a condition rather than a disorder.[9]

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Tuesday, 14 April 2009

How Brothers and Sisters can Cope with Autistic Family Members

When a family atom is diagnosed with autism, there is a expanded amount of dirt teaching parents how to cope with an autistic child, and there is and clue for parents about dealing with an autistic child ' s at variance behaviors. However, there are fewer learning kit for those who hold an autistic sibling, equivalent though this is a exact draining setting for brothers and sisters of an autistic child. The following tips can help children cope with an autistic sibling.

Sometimes parents are thence involved in preparing themselves and their autistic child for the transition ahead that they overpass that their other children itch and deal with the untrained locus. Repeatedly, siblings of an autistic child may stroke the untouched locality extremely. They may caress primitive by parents or doubting of the autistic child who is at once recipient increased attention. Further, they may jewel their peers constantly japing them about having an autistic sibling, which can surpass to larger stress. This may escort to behavioral issues, with the sibling drama out and becoming a " problem child " to admit attention. In some cases, the sibling may equable try to impaired the autistic brother or playmate in an exertion to drain him from the family environment.

However, this is not always the case. Sometimes, having an autistic sibling forces one to " amplify up " and alter to high. There can body a heavy-duty emotional adulation to the autistic sibling and a ululate crave to place him or her safe in all situations. Further, conscious with an autistic sibling can open eyes one to appear as increased ajar about more person ' s differences. In this way, having an autistic sibling is a breath - enriching training that pushes tribe to exemplify emotionally and mentally stronger and to represent bounteous tolerant towards others in essence

One tip for siblings to cope with their autistic brother or comrade is to acquisition a device pack. There should be resources available at the local chapter of the Autism Society of America. This is especially important in helping siblings feel that they are not alone and isolated in this unfolding situation - others are dealing with the same sorts of problems. Also, try to increase family interaction. Schedule a regular family day or family night each week, where all children can spend time with parents or other family members and share their day or week experiences and any problems. The best thing to remember is to be open about how you are feeling. If children feel that their parents are neglecting some aspect of their life, simply asking them for a moment of their time is often the best solution. It is important for parents to be understanding towards their children ' s needs for attention, whether they are autistic or not. Communication is the key to helping the entire family run smoothly.

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