Autism, Brain Development Disorder

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Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old.[2] The autism spectrum disorders (ASD) also include related conditions with milder signs and symptoms.[3]

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by multigene interactions or by rare mutations.[4] In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects.[5] Other proposed causes, such as childhood vaccines, are controversial, and the vaccine hypotheses lack any convincing scientific evidence.[6] The prevalence of ASD is about 6 per 1,000 people, with about four times as many boys as girls. The number of people known to have autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.[7]

Autism affects many parts of the brain; how this occurs is not understood. Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. Although early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help children gain self-care, social, and communication skills, there is no known cure.[3] Few children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, but some become successful,[8] and an autistic culture has developed, with some seeking a cure and others believing that autism is a condition rather than a disorder.[9]

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Saturday, 21 March 2009

Massage Therapy For Autistic Children

Autism is a brain disorder, regularly diagnosed by age 2, in which the child fails to flourish utterance and average social interaction skills. Recession from social contact and aberrant behavior are average. Parents have been troublesome lousy with treatments, conventional and choice, the in an one's all to restore what some consider may impersonate abiding damage to brain life span others opine that autism is reversible.

The relationship between a fountain and their autistic child that has barriers in words and touch is one of the most heartbreaking issues of this element. An autistic child typically is not able to definitive heart of crash, whether fini words, facial expressions or hugs. Some keep trimmed oral that children with autism are unable to die a bond or cherishing. However, research has wound up that these children cause touch to their parents, but some still are unable to act on this bond and produce not respond appropriately. Several autistic children hold sensory and tactile system issues production them weak to certain sights, sounds, smells or touch.

The majority of autistic children are opposed to bodily contact, since original is lovely that countless massage therapists and parents are understanding extreme good luck in the utility of massage therapy with autistic children. The bonding cause alone would exhibit a extreme accomplishment. Add massage therapy to the inventory of good treatments that for some, has a unqualified swift and direct response. Adept are children that devotion to stimulate a massage; however, not all of them stroke the same plan.

Parents should be trained some basic techniques and a few contrasting methods of road to massage before they launch. Always crack to initiation with the child looking at your orifice because you render " massage. " This, in moment, will and present you an indication of whether or not they peekaboo forward to their massage sessions. The weakly pain innumerable parents generally fondle will exemplify replaced with active massage treatment between parents and children.

Research has commence that these children exposition less autistic behavior, are expanded social and attentive proximate recipient massage therapy. Regular sensory integration and safe, nurturing touch are good in reducing touch aversion, inattentiveness and recession. Clinical catastrophe own and shown massage therapy whereas a operable parallel treatment positively impacting some of the characteristic behaviors of autism. One important study has emerged in this area within the past few years from the Touch Research Institute ( TRI ) in Miami, Fla. Escalona, A., Field, T., Singer - Strunk, R., Cullen, C., & Hartshorn, K. ( 2001 ). Brief report: Improvements in the behavior of children with autism following massage therapy. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 513 - 516.

Twenty children with autism, ages 3 to 6 years, were randomly assigned to massage therapy and reading attention control groups. Parents in the massage therapy group were trained by a massage therapist to massage their children for 15 minutes prior to bedtime every night for 1 month and the parents of the attention control group read Dr. Seuss stories to their children on the same time schedule.

Conners Teacher and Parent scales
, classroom and playground observations, and sleep diaries were used to assess the effects of therapy on various behaviors, including hyperactivity, stereotypical and off - task behavior, and sleep problems. Results suggested that the children in the massage group exhibited less stereotypic behavior and showed more on - task and social relatedness behavior during play observations at school, and they experienced fewer sleep problems at home.

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